"The need for aesthetic experience exists whether someone is sighted or blind."
"The person who begins life with vision and then loses it faces severe problems of reorientation to slower, often less accurate means of dealing with his environment. How such an individual functions in an art activity will, of course, be related to his personality as a whole."
"To infer that sensory orientation or training will solve the major perceptual problems confronting the blind artist is erroneous… One of the principal difficulties still remains: how to synthesize a picture of the whole from a multitude of time-separated impressions, each of which may be conveying different, and perhaps conflicting, information."
"When total blindness occurs, especially if it occurs in later life, vision (in the form of visual memory) can still play a role in perception. Many blind artists have memories of visual experiences long after the onset of blindness. These recollections are important to blind artists as idea sources of artistic form."
"[A student] wants to know how I can describe things I cannot see. I explain how I question the sighted people I know about what they can see from a distance… I use memory and imagination, as any writer does."